Wallenberg, Raoul

   As a Swedish diplomat, Wallenberg saved thousands of Hungarian Jews caught between the Nazi authorities in Budapest and the advancing Red Army. He was able to document many Jews as citizens of neutral states, and on more than one occasion was able to remove Jews from trains that were bound for the death camps. Following the Red Army’s conquest of Hungary, Wallenberg was arrested by Smersh on 17 January 1945 and shipped to Moscow on suspicion of being an American intelligence agent. For the next two years, he was interrogated in Lubyanka prison. In July 1947 the head of the Lubyanka hospital reported to Viktor Abakumov that Wallenberg had died of a heart attack. He was cremated without an autopsy, and the Swedish government was not informed of his fate. He had been murdered by poison, apparently at Abakumov’s orders.
   Wallenberg’s death has never been satisfactorily documented for his family or supporters. The Swedish government and international human rights organizations tried for decades to ascertain his fate, and many believed until the fall of the Soviet Union that he was held in a gulag. However, recent memoirs by KGB officers establish that he was poisoned—a tragic fate for a great hero.

Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • WALLENBERG, RAOUL° — (1912–?), Swedish diplomat who became a legend through his work to save Hungarian Jewry at the end of World War II. Descended from a long line of bankers and diplomats, he was an architect by profession, a graduate of the University of Michigan.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Wallenberg, Raoul — born Aug. 4, 1912, Stockholm, Swed. died July 17, 1947?, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R Swedish businessman and humanitarian. The scion of a family of bankers, industrialists, and diplomats, in 1936 he became the foreign representative of a Hungarian… …   Universalium

  • Wallenberg, Raoul — (1912–?)    A Swedish diplomat who was responsible for saving the lives of tens of thousands of Jews in Budapest, Hungary, on the eve of the Nazi deportations in 1944. Recruited by the Swedish government upon the recommendation of the War Refugee …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Wallenberg, Raoul — (1912–?47)    Swedish rescuer of Hungarian Jews. A businessman with diplomatic affiliations, Wallenberg was sent in July 1944 as an attaché to the Swedish Embassy in Budapest, with the special mission of saving Jews who had Swedish nationality or …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Wallenberg, Raoul — (4 ago. 1912, Estocolmo, Suecia–17 jul. ¿1947?, Moscú, Rusia, URSS). Empresario humanitario sueco. Descendiente de una familia de banqueros, industriales y diplomáticos, en 1936 se convirtió en el representante extranjero de una compañía… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wallenberg, Raoul —  (1912–1947?) Swedish diplomat who helped to save thousands of Hungarian Jews from being sent to concentration camps in World War II …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Raoul Wallenberg — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Raoul Wallenberg Raoul Gustav Wallenberg (4 de agosto de 1912 16 de julio de 1947) fue un diplomático sueco miembro de una prestigiosa e influyente familia (la familia W …   Wikipedia Español

  • Raoul Wallenberg — Infobox Person name = Raoul Gustav Wallenberg image size = 250px caption = Wallenberg passport photo from June 1944 birth date = birth date|1912|8|4|mf=y birth place = Lidingö Municipality, Sweden death date = presumed death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • Raoul Wallenberg — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wallenberg. Raoul Wallenberg (photo de son passeport, datant de juin 1944). Raoul Wallenberg, né le 4 août 1912 prè …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Raoul — (as used in expressions) Dufy Raoul Salan Raoul Albin Louis Steiner Maximilian Raoul Walter Wallenberg Raoul Walsh Raoul * * * …   Universalium

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